Where is Mount Mashuk.?
Where is Mount Mashuk.?
- Masha is famous for two things: Lermontov was shot there (there was such a poet) and against her background Misha Galustyan from our Rashi acts as the leading Pyatigorsk television. Well, there are still useful miners, all sorts, but it's so, the details ...
- Near Pyatigorsk, in the North Caucasus.
- Pyatigorsk, Caucasian Mineral Waters, the place of the duel of M. Yu. Lermontov
- Near Pyatigorsk
I was there. I can write myself (because we even climbed the mountain)
But it's long.
Masha # 769; to an isolated mountain in the immediate vicinity of the city of Pyatigorsk, in the North Caucasus.
Height: 993 m.
Mashuk is a mountain of volcanic origin (laccolith) with a height of 993 meters. 1 Most of the slopes are covered with broad-leaved forests.
At the top is a cable car with a length of 964 meters, at the very top there is a television tower, a radio relay node and an observation deck. The length of the walking route to the Mashuk mountain (one way, to the top) is 4 kilometers. It is also possible to climb the old wheel road, which runs along the northern side of the mountain. At the top of the mountain there is an automobile road stretching 10 km.
Several famous legends are associated with the origin of the name of the mountain. 2
On the southern slope of the mountain there is the grave of the topographer AV Pastukhov.
At the foot of the southern slope of the mountain lies the underground lake Proval (depth - 11 meters), famous for its medicinal properties. Has a blue-green color due to the sulfur in the water and specific bacteria. The water temperature is from plus 26 to 42 degrees. In the cave there is a sharp smell of hydrogen sulfide. For the first time the failure was examined in 1793 by Academician PS Pallas. In 1858 at the expense of the Moscow merchant PA Lazarik, a tunnel with a length of 43,8 meters was pierced to the lake, and a road from the Mikhailovskaya Gallery was run to it. 3 A plot is also connected with the lake, widely known by the novel of I. Ilf and E. Petrov Twelve chairs.
15 July 1841 year at the foot of Mount Mashuk duel took place between M. Yu. Lermontov and N. Martynov. On the supposed place of the duel there is a monument.
One of the sights of Pyatigorsk is the rock carvings of VI Lenin, painted by artist N. Shuklin in 1925 on the rock of Mashuk Mountain. 4 The portrait was timed to the first slut of women geranks and Terek Cossacks, held in Pyatigorsk, and has since been regularly restored. The place where the portrait is depicted is called Lenin's rocks. Nearby is a sanatorium of the same name. 5
- na Kavkaze, okolo Peatigorcka. tam klaccnii vid i min. voda
- At the CMS in Pyatigorsk (Stavropol Territory)
Look, there's a lot of information here :)
- Mashuk Mountain (992,6 m) is located in the central part of the Mineralovodska Piedmont Plain, close to Beshtau, Zheleznaya, Razvalka, Snake, Bald and other similar mountains of igneous origin. Above the level of the Podkumok River in the city of Pyatigorsk, Mashuk Mountain has an excess of 500 m, and above the surrounding terrain it is up to 300 m. The total pedestal area of the mountain is about 10 sq. M. km.
Mount Mashuk is an asymmetrical dome with a steep southern and gentle northern slope and a slightly convex sloping top, a number of spurs and terraced surfaces.
The steep southern slope of the mountain (40-45), whose origin is due to the presence of semicircular faults (Main and Southern faults), has a bare, strongly dissected surface, composed of limestones and marls of the upper Cretaceous. In the outlet areas of more solid packs of limestones, almost vertical low (up to 3-5 m) ridges are formed, which are traced along the whole slope.
The summit of the mountain is smoothly slightly convex, which corresponds to a fairly quiet bedding of bedrock in this place.
The steepness of the southwestern, western and northern slopes is equal to 15-20, and of the north-east is only 9-10, which is explained by the general elongation of the Mashuk mountain structure in the northeast direction.
The relief of the mountain is complicated by a network of gorges and beams directed radially from the top. Beams are formed at the bottom of the slopes, and above they pass into typical gorges, filled with mobile gravelly screes and sometimes stone landslides. Significantly dissected southern slope. Here there are 11 gorges. During the downpours, short streams-mudflows descend on them, penetrating into the resort part of the city.
Precipitation of mineral springs - travertines border the northern, eastern and southern slopes of the mountain. On the northern slope of Mount Mashuk, travertine deposits form, as it were, frozen huge streams.
In each such stream one can find "twists" in the plane of travertines, where griffins of mineral springs once operated.
On the southern slope, the relief is complicated by two ridges, one of which is called "Inner", and the other is "Hot Mountain". The first begins from the Aeolian harp and extends in a direction perpendicular to the slope. This ridge is composed of marls and clays of the Paleogene, and from above is covered by travertine deposits of low power.
The Hot Mountain separates from the "Internal Chain" by a small flat slide, on which the Academic Gallery is located. This spur of the Mashuk mountain is completely made up of travertines, whose thickness reaches 70 and more meters. The name Hot Mountain owes its name to hot carbon dioxide-hydrogen sulfide waters, which circulate through the voids inside the mountain itself, as a result of which the rocks here are already heated to the temperature of 20 #40;
The area of Mount Hot is unique in its beauty and unusual terrain. The mountain begins Hot from a small mound in the southeast section of the Mashuk mountain slope and then gradually decreases in the south-west direction. The width of Mount Hot varies from 150 to 250 m, the stretch of e is equal to 1100 m. The northern slope of the city of Goryachey is relatively flat, almost entirely covered with bushes, while the southern one is represented mainly by bare steep rocks.
- Yes, in Soviet times it was necessary to rest there for a minute.