What are emotions?
Emotions are the experiences of a particular person, connected with satisfaction or dissatisfaction of his interests. Under the influence of emotions, a person is able to commit a heroic act or crime.
Talk about how they appear.
How do emotions arise
Emotions are associated with the big hemispheres of the brain. Certain impulses enter the human brain. They depend on external influences and circumstances. One stream is directed to such areas of the brain where the meaning of these impulses is realized in the form of sensation. And another stream comes to those parts of the brain, where the relation of these influences to the needs of the organism, which are experienced in the form of emotions, is created.
Emotions have two sides - subjective and objective. The subjective side is an inner experience. The objective side is the external manifestations (laughter, tears). In general, the manifestation of emotions may be different, depending on the situation.
- Communicative. Emotions facilitate communication, they help to understand other people in different situations.
- Estimated.A person gives an assessment of the event, based on their needs and emotions about this. And it helps to predict future events.
- Mobilizing. Emotions help mobilize your forces in emergency situations.
- Supportive. Emotions contribute to the development of certain reflexes, and as a result deep traces remain in the memory.
- Run stereotypical reactions. In critical situations, when there is no time to think, emotions include stereotypical response (fear - flight).
Now let's find out what emotions are.
Types of emotions
Emotions are divided into:
Negative, negative emotions are anger, rage, resentment, fear. And positive - joy, interest. The pole of emotion depends on what causes the emotion.
And also emotions are divided into:
Stenicial emotions activate, that is, cause delight or anger. Asthenic - they suppress a person, that is, they cause melancholy, sadness.
Content of emotions
According to the specific content of the emotions are as follows:
- Sadness is a negative emotion, it is associated with the experience of a negative factor.
- Joy is a positive emotion, she says that a person can satisfy any need.
- Suffering is a negative emotion, it is associated with the impossibility of obtaining the most important human needs.
- Anger is a negative emotion, it arises if there is a barrier in the way of satisfying a need.
- Surprise is an emotion that does not have a clearly defined sign. It can be both negative and positive, it depends on external circumstances.
- Fear is a negative emotion that arises from danger.
- Disgust is a negative emotion that arises due to a sharp contradiction with aesthetic or moral attitudes of a person.
- Shame is a negative emotion, it can occur if a person is aware of the inconsistency of his behavior with the expectations of others.
- Interest is a positive emotion that contributes to the development of skills and the acquisition of knowledge.
More about the varieties of emotions can be found in the article What are the emotions.
The power of emotions
The strength of emotions can range from weak to strong. For example, a person may experience joy, as a feeling of satisfaction, and may experience delight. Or, for example, fear can manifest itself from mild anxiety to horror.
Delight is the highest degree of joy, positive emotion.
Horror is a negative emotion, the highest degree of fear.
Duration of emotions
Emotions can last from a few seconds to several years. For example, a person feels the fear that he almost got into an accident, but he immediately avoided it safely. Or a person hates someone very much and this hatred has not waned for years.
Forms of manifestation of emotions
Most often, emotions manifest themselves in the following forms: sensual tone, affect, feeling, passion, mood, stress.
- Sensual tone. A person adds emotional coloring to some of his actions or sensations.
- Passion is a very strong feeling that dominates others, gives a surge of strength and energy.
- A feeling is an emotional reflection of a person’s relationship to a subject, event, or other person.
- Mood is a long-term emotional state of a person in some unit of time.
- Stress is a state of extreme human tension.
- Affect is the extreme point of internal stress, which arises due to the impossibility of finding a solution in a certain situation.
Expression of emotions
The world of emotions is huge and diverse.Everyone experiences emotions, and it is simply necessary for psychological health. Of course, most often people can express their feelings, but there are also those who do not want or do not know how to do it. Most of the above applies to men. In our society, it is believed that a man should always keep himself in hand. If you want to learn to restrain emotions, read the article How to control emotions. However, this is wrong. You can not restrain emotions, otherwise there may be neurosis and other mental disorders. If you want to laugh, then laugh, and if you want to cry - cry. Be natural, express all the emotions that you want to express.
The expression of emotions is the path to inner harmony.