Large-caliber rifles are relatives of anti-tank rifles from the Second World War. They are used at distances up to two kilometers.
Perhaps the first such rifle was the Barrett M82A1. It was specially created to destroy unexploded sea mines. At that time, the military was interested in the novelty, and now such rifles have already organized their own special niche. At a distance attributed to the weapon range of fire large-caliber cartridge is able to penetrate any body armor. But at large distances it is very difficult, even almost impossible to get into a person. And such rifles are positioned as, basically, weapons for fighting with equipment, even lightly armored.
Long-range rifles of the world. HistoryBut in fact, the ancestors of modern large-caliber rifles called heavy serfs. They were used in the 19th century, for example, by Russian troops near Plevna during the Russian-Turkish war. And during the First World War, the British used rifles under the powerful hunting cartridge 600 Nitro Express.It was used to hit targets in the trenches, behind the armor shields.
During World War II, anti-tank rifles spread, for example, Soviet PTRS and PTRD designs. In modern classification, they can be attributed to large-caliber rifles. After the war, this class of small arms ceased to be used due to the growth of armored military equipment. And the first rifle, which belongs to the “new wave”, is the M500 of the American firm Research Armaments Prototypes from 1981-1982. She was released for the American army. But real fame has come to a new type of weapon after the use of the Barrett M82 during the “Desert Storm” military operation.
The most long-range rifle in the worldIn 2014, a new modification of the 2009 model was developed: the unique SVKK-14S unique ultra-long-range rifle (SVLK-14S) at the Lobaev Arms plant (Lobaev’s rifle). At the moment, only the preparation of a rifle for a world record has been announced. And according to the specifications stated by the manufacturer, the effective range of the weapon is 2.5 km, the barrel length is 900 mm, and weight is 9.6 kg.
At the moment it is the most long-range rifle, which is available for sale.
The most long-range rifle for mass use.Until recently, Barrett M82 was not among its peers.This is a long-range high-precision semi-automatic rifle. Besides the most long-range rifle in the world. Developed a weapon for a long time, in 1982, despite this, it is still the best in its class. This is confirmed by the characteristics of the rifle.
Like the mass, the rifle's dimensions are quite impressive. The length of the barrel 508 or 737 millimeters. On the acceleration of the bullet given almost a meter. And it provides her with good speed and unsurpassed accuracy of shooting.
The bullet flies out of the barrel at a speed of 900 meters per second. The figure is really impressive. It is 3240 kilometers per hour.
However, this is not all. Barrett M82 rifle is not single shot. Cartridges follow from the store, which is designed for ten pieces. The rifle has a lot of modifications for different cartridges. Moreover, it can, with its slaughter, transform into a grenade launcher.
The rifle provides a strap for mounting various sights. The main is, of course, optical. A collimator is also possible, but not at such distances.
You can mark one of the most significant achievements of the Barrett M82 rifle. On April 9, 2009, Sergeant Steve Rickert managed to kill three Iraqi rebels, who took refuge behind a brick wall, with one shot. Moreover, the fence was at a distance of one mile from the sergeant. In addition, the military managed to destroy the enemy machine gunner from a wonder-rifle, which was 1614 meters away from the target.
And all of these advantages of firearms are estimated at only 400 thousand with a gun.
The most long-range sniper rifle. PrototypeRecently, the Internet has new information about amazing rifles. According to a source in the USA, they are developing a 14.9 mm long-range SOP sniper rifle. And here it is worth noting that recently sniper rifles are often switching to a larger caliber: 14.5, 15.2 and 30 millimeters. At the same time special non-standard cartridges are being created. And many ideas for long-range weapons to designers came from shooting sports, which are very popular in the West.
The muzzle energy of this bullet is 60 kilojoules. The accuracy of shooting for a rifle is declared at 0.5 MOA at a distance of 2743 meters. And at a distance of almost five kilometers the bullet is also supersonic. By the way, MOA or Minute Of Angle (this is the angular minute) is widely used in the West in ballistics and is used to assess the accuracy of hits during shooting and corrections. In the West, this value is constantly used, since the angular width is almost equal to an inch at a distance of a hundred yards. In Russia, another value is used for such calculations - a thousandth distance. This accuracy ensures that the bullet falls into a circle with a diameter of 1.27 centimeters.