Skhodnya - a river in Russia (Moscow region). Description, features, photo
Skhodnya - a river that flows through the territoryMoscow region. It is the left tributary of the metropolitan waterway. The source is located in Solnechnogorsk district, not far from the railway platform "Alabushevo". It flows in the direction from the north-west to the south-east, in the Tushino region merges with the waters of the Moscow River. The length is 47 km, the catchment area is 255 km ².
Characteristics of the water artery
Skhodnya - the river, which is the third largest in the capital flows, but only 5 km of it passes within the city, the rest flows through the territory of the Moscow region.
The water stream was known in ancient times, hewas of great economic importance. As indicated in ancient sources ("Descriptions of ancient Moscow", XVII century.), The river was a high-water, with a rapid current, navigable. The name Skhodnya (formerly Voskhodnya) is of Slavic origin. It climbed upstream (it rose), it was the shortest route from the capital to the Vladimir-Suzdal Principality. Also, in the southern direction, they descended to the Klyazma, and through it to the Oka and Volga.
Relief, food and glaciation
The Skhodnya river is typical of a typical plain. Type of food - mixed, mainly replenishes water reserves due to snow. In winter, the stream freezes (late November-early December). Opens in March.
There are few tributaries by the river. The largest left - r. Rzhavka, the large right - Rozhdestvenska, Zhuravka, Gortovka. In addition to rivers, the streams of the Skhodnya are considered to be streams: Golenievsky, Boldov, Chernogryazhsky, and others.
Alloys on the river
Throughout his movement Skhodnya -A river that cuts deep into a dense forest. This natural feature made the water flow very popular for alloys. It is known that the movement on rafts, boats and kayaks here took place before the Great Patriotic War. In our years, on both sides of the river, cottages and cottages have been built, and once untouched nature has become fully developed. This factor repels modern lovers of wild tourism, and descents along the river do not happen as often as before.
Skhodnya - the river on the territory of which theparks. With the purpose of preserving the diverse landscape of the region by the government of the Russian Federation, it was decided to create natural monuments and sanctuaries on this territory. The largest nature protection complex of the North-Western Administrative District is the Tushkinsky Nature Park. The total area is 700 hectares. It was established in 1999.
Includes rare natural communities andforms of relief, as well as historical and cultural reminders. Among them: the village of Alyoshkino, the Bratsevo manor, the natural memorial of the Shodnenskaya (Tushinskaya) bowl, the "Skhodnya Valley" natural park. The latter was created in 2004. Within the nature reserve are unique river and forest landscapes: dry and floodplain meadows, forest groves, lowland marshes, ponds and brooks.
Detailed description of the valley of the Skhodnya river
The boundaries of the Shodnya River valley are limited to the areaKurkino, which is part of the North-Western administrative district of the capital. The rest of the Tushkinsky Nature Park is located in the south, in the east - the nature reserve borders on the residential area of Kurkino, and in the north and west passes the city line of Moscow (MKAD). The park of the valley of the Shodnya River stretched for 273 hectares.
Flora and fauna of the park
Flora and fauna of this territory is represented bynumerous and very rare representatives. In the park, you can find more than 600 plant species, 40 of which are listed on the Red Book pages. This is a kuby, a lungwort, an ostrich, a gentian. Also here is the largest population of wild orchids. In total there are 9 species in the park, 2 of which are very rare: the Baltic palmary root and the Swamp Throat. They have not been found anywhere else in Europe for more than 100 years.
The natural park in the valley of the Shodnya River has become a placeTo inhabit 80 species of vertebrates, which are listed in the Red Book. Representatives - ferret, lizard, weasel, ermine, too. In the forests nests about 80 species of birds, among which there are quite rare: kestrel, haglock, tern, hawk, ochaed, white-backed woodpecker. In the waters of Skhodnya there are more than 20 species of fish (pike, tench, gudgeon, dace, chub, etc.).
In addition, in the territory of the natural parkthere are cultural and historical memorials: the Church of Our Lady of Vladimir (XVII century), the ancient village of Mashkino, a monument of landscape art of the 20th century. - Zakharyin's hospital.
The park has equipped recreational areas andpicnic. Two of them are in the Zakharinskaya floodplain (not far from the hospital), one in the Birch Grove and one in the 11th microdistrict. There are pedestrian paths, a children's playground and an ecological path through which excursion routes take place.
Recently, the situation has aggravatedpreservation of the natural park. The fact is that on the nearby territory in the border areas of the park it is planned to build up residential multi-storey buildings and, accordingly, infrastructure. Such actions are considered unlawful and violate the law.
How to get there?
It will not be difficult to get to the river. Nearby there are motor roads, metro and railway tracks. To get to Skhodnya by metro, you need to get off at Shodnenskaya station. The railway station has the same name.
Also available are options for driving directionsby car or by bus. The latter mode of transport is not very convenient, since the stops are far from the end point. The cheapest option is to go by train or train, so most of the tourists prefer to come here on these types of transport. The trip does not take much time.