Port of Odessa: basic information, history, port activity
A lot of ports exist in the world.They began to appear many centuries ago, when the most convenient means of transportation were sea routes. They were used primarily for trade, and only later for travel. Of course, such movements were not always safe. But there could be no other ways. Sea voyages have always been shrouded in romance and various fascinating stories. It would seem that over the years the relevance of shipping is gradually declining. However, this is not at all the case. Currently, there are many sea knots, among which the Odessa port is especially prominent. In this article, it will be about this object, its history and features.
Odessa port: basic information
Now we need to figure out what thethis sea knot. To begin with, you should give a general description of it and tell you about the importance it has for modernity. So, the Odessa sea port is a large object, it can even be said, the sea gate on the Black Sea coast. It is characterized as one of the largest trade hubs, which has an important international status. It is located, as already mentioned above, on the coast, in the Odessa Gulf. Separately, it should be noted that the port includes one of the largest passenger terminals in Europe. And in this part can compete with the largest sea nodes of the world.
When did he appear?
Many people are interested in the question of when wasOdessa port was built. The beginning of construction refers to the end of the XVIII century, to be exact, by 1794. Of course, the facility was not built in one year. Approximately in 1905 he got a look, close to his current appearance. If you turn to the history of the Russian Empire, the port of Odessa took the second place in terms of turnover of various goods. According to these indicators at that time it was only ahead of the St. Petersburg sea knot.
So, we presented the basic information aboutWhat is the Odessa seaport, and also some details of its functioning. Now it is worth to learn more about its history, because it is really rich in various events. Initially, this object had high expectations. It was planned that the main export of goods from Novorossia and Ukraine to other countries through the Black Sea would be carried out here. It was this goal that was pursued during the construction.
As mentioned above, the erection of an objectbegan in 1794. It is no coincidence that already by 1801, Odessa became the leader in freight turnover and the main center of trade. By that time Odessa Port took a prominent place. More than 300 thousand rubles were spent on its construction, which at that time was considered a huge sum. To its 50th anniversary, the sea knot has already justified all the hopes placed on it and has broken all sorts of records. From Odessa at that time, more grain was exported than from the whole of America. In terms of cargo turnover from all Russian ports, it was second only to St. Petersburg.
Participation of the port in the Great Patriotic War
It should be noted that Odessa hosted a largeparticipation in the Great Patriotic War. In 1941 the city was surrounded. It took incredible heroic efforts to repulse the attack of the German invaders. Defense lasted quite a long time - as long as 73 days. Port of Odessa rendered invaluable assistance in this difficult time. He allowed to facilitate many processes, for example, supplying soldiers with various ammunition, weapons and other necessary things.
It was the port that allowed evacuating from the citypeople, wounded fighters and transport equipment of various enterprises. The existence of this node and the possibility of delivering the necessary items by sea routes made it possible to conduct a successful and incredibly long defense of the city, which at that time was surrounded. During this time the port was significantly destroyed. However, its restoration began in 1944, even before the end of the war.
Thus, it now became clear how mucha significant role played by the port in the life of the city and country for all of its existence. The sea gates of the Black Sea really were and remain an important transport hub. In addition, there are many interesting facts and stories related to this most important object. One of them is connected with the warehouses built here. These are the premises used as warehouses.
Here they were built in the early XX century andA lot of famous writers have attracted attention. They came as some kind of attractions in the city guide. V. Kataev also mentioned about them in his work "The Cemetery in Skuljany". Description of warehouses is also found in another Russian writer - A. Kuprin. In one of his stories called "Gambrinus" you can find an interesting excerpt. He talks about how the unloading of ships took place. And the writer described this process from nature.
Thus, an important strategicthe value of the port at all times. Many, probably, will be asked such a question: what is his role in our days? Has it lost its relevance? There is no unequivocal answer to this question. Nowadays Odessa port also plays a significant role in various cargo transportation. Of course, it should be noted that in the 1990s, like most other facilities, he experienced a crisis, as the volume of goods transported declined markedly. Many employees in such a difficult situation had to look for work in other ports.
However, from the beginning of 2000 the situation begancorrected: freight turnover was gradually increasing. To date, there has been a significant update of this facility. The berths of the port of Odessa have a length of more than 9 kilometers. Many constituent parts were reconstructed. For example, a marine station, a hotel and others. As of 2009, the port's cargo turnover for the year was about 34 million tons of cargo, which is an excellent indicator.