Poet Boris Slutsky: biography and creativity
B. Slutsky is a Russian poet. The creative destiny of the writer was such that, having published the first rhymes before the war in the spring of 1941, he remained silent for more than 10 years (the poet confessed that during the war he created one poem - "Cologne Pit"). The next work - "Monument" - was published by the writer in the summer of 1953.
Two of these dates were shared by the war: B. Slutsky was in the war for 4 years. She found a writer in the Smolensk region. The poet ended his war in Austria and Yugoslavia, was wounded and wounded because he tried to serve in infantry units.
Slutsky expanded the possession of the verse, he succeededTo win large areas for poetry from prose. Life prose prompted a thematic circle, to which the poet resorted, and also pointed out to him the choice of heroes-soldiers, neighbors in a communal apartment, and so on.
Boris Slutsky. Biography
B. Slutsky, a poet and writer, was born May 7 in 1919 in Slavyansk. Parents: father is an employee, mother is a music teacher. He spent his childhood and youth in Kharkov, where he was bored and difficult. The family was middle class. Parents wanted all their children to receive a music education. During the school years, Boris made friends with Kulchitsky, who had high hopes in poetry, but died at the front. Boris Slutsky remembered him all his life, and that meant a lot in his work.
In the school, it was easy for Boris to study: to 6 years he read the entire city library, attended classes in the literary studio of the Palace of the Pioneers. Boris Slutsky before the war was part of the creative community for young people, whose participants were Kulchitsky, Glazkov, Samoilov.
Study and life in wartime
Because of the father's desire, Boris Slutsky went on to studyFaculty of Law. But he himself wanted to become a poet, so he entered the Institute of Literature. He finished it in 1941. In the same year, the first poems were published by Boris Slutsky. The biography further tells that in the war he was a political worker, an instructor of a political department. He left the army in the rank of major in 1946.
Fought on the western front, south-west, onthe Ukrainian front and in Byelorussia, Yugoslavia, and Romania. In the war he was wounded and concussion. In the war years, he almost did not write because of the hostilities. After the day of victory, Slutsky created prosaic notes on the last years of the war and on the months after. In the post-war period Slutsky got into the hospital: he often has a headache, he suffers two trepanation of the skull. He is dismissed from the army as an invalid.
In 1948 the writer again begins to compose verses that brought him back to life. At that time he did not have a home - he rented rooms and wrote radio compositions for boys and children. At the same time, he wrote the first thirty verses, which brought him fame. Even before they were published, these poems were known in the circles of literary figures. Then there was no way to publish these poems.
Creativity and literary activity
The poet Boris Slutsky in 1957 joined thethe writers' union. The first poetic collection was called "Memory". From 1957 to 1973 years. Several books were published, the collections "Today and Yesterday", "Time", "Work", etc. For the first time, Boris Slutsky appeared in public in 1960 in the Kharkov Lecture Hall. It is interesting that he was filmed in the film by Marlen Khutsiev in an episode about the museum in which he acted as a poet. The writer's legacy was published only after 1987.
Already the first published works of Slutskyargued that the writer is a person who suffered a lot and has a great life experience. He had a mature view of things, with definite antipathies and sympathies. The writer described not only his generation - he portrayed the trials through which the people passed.
Boris Slutsky is ambiguously perceived incircles of literary figures. Many of his contemporaries condemn him for speaking out against B. Pasternak in 1958, at which Pasternak was expelled from the allied ranks. Those close to the poet think that he was worried about this because of this and remembered it for the rest of his life.
The problematic of Slutsky's poems
He focused on the problems of the twentieth century, his tragedies and hopes, the dramas of his comrades who survived the revolution and wars, a heavy totalitarian regime, suppression of the people's opinion.
Slutsky expanded the verse framework. Prose had an influence on all the poetic elements: language, intonation, the formation of images. In a bold and broad manner, Slutsky used the jargon of soldiers in the war, who entered the conversation as chancellarism. Rhythmic interruptions, omissions, repetitions - all this was sensitively caught by the writer. His poems are angular, but this is only the desire to destroy the smoothness of literary work.
The family and death of the poet
Slutsky found his family late. His wife, Tatiana Dashkovskaya, died in 1977 of cancer. Return to the life of the poet creativity. Slutsky, hoping to overcome depression, gave himself completely to poetry. For 3 months the poet wrote 80 poems. After that, he did not write anything.
Boris Slutsky moves to Tula to his brother, liveswith his family, there he dies. This happened on February 23, 1986. Boris Slutsky, whose monument was erected in Moscow at Pyatnitsky Cemetery, is a significant person in the world of literature.