Patterns of Russian folk sarafans. Russian national dress for girls
Each people has its own customs and traditions,inherited from the older generations. Particularly striking features of nationality are expressed in traditional clothing. Characteristic differences of the costume are ornaments, color of the material, patterns and additional details. Russian national sarafan is an amazing creation, created by the hands of women who lived in Russia. In the course of his performance, many kinds of creativity were interwoven, such as embroidery, knitting, lacework and weaving. Modern women are increasingly showing interest in the ethnos of their country and are trying to recreate the image of the attire of past centuries. In this article, you will not only find patterns of Russian folk sarafans, but you will learn how to make them yourself.
A bit of history
Traditional Russian sarafan is representedoriginal clothing worn by peasants, despite the fact that in the 18th century, it was required to introduce Western European forms in sewing noble attire. Thus, alongside the representatives of the high society, the Russian-style sarafan was opposed, preserving the established features of the national costume. The most ancient styles had the form of a tunic and were sewed from a whole cloth with a round or rectangular neckline in the middle (for the passing of the head). There were other types of clothing, it was worn on holidays. All this we will describe below, and also consider the patterns of Russian folk sarafans.
This kind of sundress was made of two straight shelvesand a single backrest, connected on each side by additional wedges. Folds formed on the back of the canvas. Front panels could be wrapped around, buttoned on buttons or completely stitched. By increasing the number of wedges, the hem of the sarafan expanded, which could reach eight meters. This is clearly seen in the photo of the patterns of Russian folk sarafans. For insulation used tight lining. There was an outfit of velvet, brocade, silk and other exquisite materials. The buckles of the kosoklinnika were decorated with lace ribbons, lace, braid and fringe. Embroidered appliqués on the chest, hem covered with a red border.
Straight cut, bodice and flirt
The most common and favorite model wassarafan of direct tailoring. It was made from a single-seamed canvas or from several rectangular panels. Above, on the chest girth, the outfit gathered, forming wrinkles. The hem of the skirt was decorated with lace, the same dress was held on the shoulder straps. Such a Russian sarafan with his own hands is easy to tailor.
With changes in fashion, the designsarafan. She was supplemented by a tight bodice with straight stitches attached to it. Often different fabrics were used for the top and lower skirt. Also, to create a more elegant silhouette, a coquette was added to the bodice.
Cryo sarafan Russian folk for girls
Traditional dress will be very appropriate onNew Year's morning performances, carnivals and various festive events. Depending on the material chosen by you, the dress can be both a patriotic costume and everyday clothes. It can be worn over a shirt or T-shirt. The main thing is that the colors of the undershirt are combined with the upper dress.
Based on the pattern of Russian folk sarafans,above, you can model the model at any age. To start sewing, you need light and bright material. It is better for a girl to take cotton cloth (calico, coarse calico) or silk, if the sundress is intended for a holiday. Then you need to make a pattern. Start by taking measurements. The first value is the distance from the armpit to the floor. Slightly shorten the hem so that the child does not stumble. Then measure the girth of the girl's chest and increase the figure by 2.5 times. This will be the bottom of the sundress, which will later gather in wrinkles. Next, you need to cut the coquette, which is a strip of length equal to the girth of the chest and a width of about 12 cm. Increase the strip on both sides by 6 cm (for sealing and sewing fasteners). Also straps measuring 10x40 cm are needed.
Sewing of a sarafan
After you have prepared all the details, it's timeproceed to their stitching. Fold the skirt of the skirt in half, the wrong side outward, and lay the seam, stepping away from the edge of 1.5 cm, and leave the uncoated area for the lock from the top. Sew a zipper and sweep the edges of the seam. Stitching the top of the canvas with large stitches, pull it so that the circumference corresponds to the size of the coquette without allowances. Then sew the skirt to the top of the sarafan, placing the joints at the level of lightning. Bend the coquette in half (face inward) and sew the side cuts, then remove the part. Sweep your hands inside the top of the skirt and stitch it. Sew the lengths of the straps and unscrew it. Next - attach to the junction of the bottom and coquette on the inside of the sarafan, adjusting the length of the straps on the child. It remains to process the open cuts with a hem and decorate the sarafan with embroidery, lace, ribbons and frills. If you follow this instruction exactly, you will get a sarafan Russian folk (for a girl), sewn on the model of direct cut.
Additional details of folk costume
In ancient times, Russian women under the sarafanThey wore a white cloth shirt with long sleeves. She protected them from the sun during long works in the field. Shirts, as well as sarafans, were decorated with embroidery, which is a kind of amulet in which women mentally invested "magical powers". Patterns along the cutout of the neck and around the cuffs were applied. The ceremonial or festive attire was supplemented with a headdress-kokoshnik. They were solid and had various ornaments. On the crest of the kokoshnik it was possible to determine which province his proprietress belongs to. It is worth noting that the kokoshniks were worn by women. The girls also wore a handkerchief tied at the back, which was called "forty". Shoes at any time of the year were Russian bast shoes, fastened to the shins with the help of ropes. They were worn over canvas or onuchi.
The traditional Russian dress of a woman is very beautiful andvarious. It is simple in tailoring, but requires a creative approach to dressing. Taking as a basis the patterns of sundresses given in this article, you easily sew any model of a dress. The rest is the work of your desire and imagination.