Meniere's syndrome is not a sentence!
Meniere's syndrome refers to diseasesinner ear, which is caused by an increase in the amount of fluid in the tympanum. Excess fluid adversely affects cells that are responsible for maintaining equilibrium and for orienting the body in space.
Ménière syndrome: causes
Meniere's syndrome can occur in almost healthy people, but there are some prerequisites that to some extent determine the onset of the disease:
- Various vascular diseases.
- Inflammatory and infectious diseases of the inner ear.
- Consequences of craniocerebral injuries, ear trauma.
- Profession: vibration, noise.
- Vegetosovascular, endocrine diseases.
- Allergic diseases, beriberi.
- Excessive use of alcohol, tobacco, coffee.
- Strokes, brain tumors.
Ménière syndrome: symptoms and clinic
Meniere's syndrome usually begins with an attacksystem dizziness, balance disorders, increased sweating, nausea, vomiting, pressure spikes, pale skin. When an attack occurs, the patient often loses orientation in space, can not sit or lie down. Vertigo manifests itself in the form of rotation of surrounding objects in one direction, sometimes there is a feeling of failure of one's own body. Progressive hearing loss develops first to one, then to the second ear. Noise in the ears increases before the onset of dizziness and reaches its apogee during an attack.
Ménière's disease is equally commonmen, and women in the 30-60 years, sometimes at an earlier age. The disease pursues the patient all his life, most often leading him to hypofunction of the vestibular analyzer and to progressive deafness. The clinical course of the disease is divided into seizures and interictal periods. In some cases, the attack can be accompanied by hallucinatory and psychogenic reactions, groundless attacks of fear and anxiety. At this time, the patient can be irritated by the smell, noise, bright light, and nausea and vomiting make him excruciating.
Disease "Meniere's syndrome": diagnosis
For the diagnosis of Meniere's disease most oftenaudiological examination (reveals the causes and level of hearing impairment), vestibular examination (reveals an imbalance), electrochlearography (assesses the condition of the inner ear). For an accurate diagnosis, the MRI and the consultation of an experienced neurologist who confirms or refutes neurologic symptoms will be superfluous.
Ménière syndrome: treatment
Today many authoritative experts in onethe voice declares that it is impossible to completely get rid of Meniere's disease. Nevertheless, it is possible to reduce the symptoms of the disease, improve the patient's quality of life and avoid disability. Treatment begins with the appointment of a patient appropriate diet, this will ease the course of the disease and reduce the subsequent number of seizures.
To reduce the swelling of the inner eardehydration therapy, hormonal therapy, treatment with vascular drugs is prescribed. With severe symptoms of the disease, an antibiotic is injected into the tympanic cavity, this method excellently removes dizziness and nausea, but has many side effects.
Treatment of Ménière syndrome is complex and long-lastingprocess, but in most cases it brings with it the desired relief.