How to lay the floor?
Each person tries to arrange his house to the maximum - to insulate, secure and make it more comfortable. Important in this case is laying the floor. A good owner needs to know how to lay a warm floor, parquet or tile, so that in the future it is easy to determine the flooring in his home.
Before laying the floor, you need to make a screed. This is necessary not only to make it as durable as possible, but also to level it. There are several types of screed, which must be applied depending on what kind of flooring will be used next.
- If you need to make a screed under the laminate, carpet or linoleum, you need a concrete screed.
- When sagging the floor, you can also reinforce it.
- You can make a cement-sand screed under the warm floor or any other floor covering, its advantage is the speed of drying.
- You can also use a coupler, which will be based on self-leveling mixture. This type of screed is suitable for all floor coverings, and its advantages are that its thickness can be as small as 1 mm.
Read more about the screed in the relevant article "How to make a screed?".
You can try to figure out how to lay the wooden floor, namely parquet. Parquet installation requires a temperature in the room of about 20 degrees and an average humidity of 50%. Also, parquet requires a perfectly level floor, so pre-screed before laying the parquet is very important.
First you need to make a base for parquet made of plywood or a cheaper material - chipboard. Plywood is attached to the floor with dowels. Only a week after plywood is laid, the flooring is laid. It is important to remember that when laying parquet, it is necessary to indent 2-3 cm from the walls, which in the end will need to be filled with sealant or foam, and put a plinth on top. After laying the parquet it must be polished in several stages and varnished.
Read more about how to make a wooden floor, read the article "How to lay a wooden floor?".
As a cheaper alternative to the flooring of the house you can lay laminate. Understanding how to lay laminate flooring is also not difficult. To do this, you also need to pre-level the floor and then put the lining under the laminate. Its main properties: noise and waterproofing, as well as some insulation.If the effect of thermal insulation needs to be strengthened, you can use a lining with foil coating.
Before you put the laminate, you need to acclimatize, that is, for a couple of days to put in the room where he will go. This is necessary because the laminate can expand and contract depending on climatic conditions. Laying laminate, you must also leave a gap between the floor covering and the wall. It should be laid tightly, getting into special joints. After laying the laminate is cleaned of debris and dust and wiped with a damp cloth.
Read more about the process of laying laminate, read the article "How to properly lay laminate?".
Linoleum is an excellent floor covering, which is relatively cheap, has many shades, and is also famous for its excellent performance. There are some tips on how to properly lay the floor of linoleum.
Since linoleum is elastic, you can do without pre-screed the floor. If the floor has obvious defects, you can choose the linoleum of the greatest thickness. Before laying the linoleum, it must be held indoors for a couple of days, as it tends to expand.Linoleum is placed strictly near the wall without any indentation, and then fixed with adhesive tape around the perimeter. Many, in view of the fact that linoleum expands, spread it on the floor as it will lie in the future, then leave it for about a month and only after this period is attached to the floor.
For more information about the process of laying linoleum, you can find out in the article "How to lay linoleum?".
And how to lay tiles on the floor? To do this, be sure to align the floor. When a tile falls, it is very important to place the very first tile, from which the drawing will continue. First you need to put a few layers of tile and see how it falls along the wall. If the wall is crooked, laying tiles will be somewhat more problematic, because then you have to trim it. The tiles are put on glue, between them there is always a free space that is filled with mortar.