How to give birth to a healthy baby?
Probably every woman who dreams of children or is already carrying the desired baby, cares only one question: how to give birth to a healthy child? Over the past decades, a lot of children have been born with congenital illnesses, poor health and numerous diseases. Needless to say that the disease is easier to prevent than to cure. Therefore, deciding to have a baby, parents should be aware that a great responsibility lies on their shoulders, because the preparation for pregnancy must begin long before conception.
Unfortunately, modern couples often neglect the issues of family planning, relying on nature, luck, good luck ... However, human nature is not able to withstand the stresses and shocks that fall today to the share of a modern resident, for example, a megacity. Chronic stresses, nervous and cardiovascular overloads, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and, of course, poor ecology affect not only the health of parents, but also the development of their children before they are born.
In addition, the modern man does not have enough time to monitor his health, so he turns to the doctor already when the disease has assumed a chronic form. As a result, congenital diseases of our children.
When planning a pregnancy, it is necessary to conduct an examination in order to eliminate as far as possible deviations, disorders that can lead to abnormal development of the fetus.
Do not be shy and afraid of the survey before conceiving a child. Who, if not medical professionals know all about how to give birth to a healthy child? The first thing the future mother needs to contact the gynecologist, it is better to the one to whom you are constantly referring to, because he will know for sure about all your features or deviations, if any. A thorough examination of the reproductive system, an examination of the mammary and thyroid glands. Be sure to pass a smear on cytology. And then ultrasound (ultrasound), which is better to take place after menstruation - in the first phase of the cycle.
The march to the doctor should be made to both spouses, because it is necessary to assess the health of both parents.In addition to examining the reproductive organs with an appropriate specialist, consultation of the therapist, neuropathologist, cardiologist, and other specialists may be required. It is individual. Do not neglect trips to doctors if you really want to give birth to a healthy child.
By the way, if you plan to give birth to a healthy baby, not only your immediate health, but also its constant maintenance is important. So pay attention to the environment around you (future parents) in general.
Infections that can harm the fetus
Some infections are dangerous in that they, while flowing in a latent form, can lead to the death of the fetus or cause congenital deformities. Viruses today are divided into unconditional pathogens (able to infect the fetus inside the womb) and conditional (whose effect on the fetus has not yet been identified).
The most common pathogens are:
- viruses (herpes, rubella, group B and C hepatitis, hiv infection),
- bacteria (treponema, chlamydia, staphylococcus, listeria, streptococcus, klebsiella),
- Candida fungus (thrush),
- protozoan bacteria (Plasmodia malaria, Toxoplasma).
There are not so many ways of infection from mother to fetus: through the placenta with blood and through the female infected genital tract. However, this is not so bad, because the child is not so easy to infect, even if there is an infection in the mother. In this case, the number of microorganisms that goes off in the event of an acute infectious disease or exacerbation of a chronic disease during pregnancy matters. And even in this case, the baby may not get sick.
Prevention of childhood disorders
How to give birth to a healthy child to a couple who have already experienced unsuccessful pregnancies ending in miscarriages, premature birth or the birth of a sick child? First of all, you should go through a very thorough examination, pass detailed analyzes, get genetic advice, do an ultrasound at different stages of the menstrual cycle to determine the state of the inner layers of the uterus (endometrium).
With a 7-10 day delay it is necessary to make an ultrasound to determine the size of the ovum and the correctness of its location in the uterus. And after two weeks to undergo a full examination. If no pathologies have been identified, then the next ultrasound is prescribed by a doctor, usually in 10-12 weeks. It is necessary to do all future births to identify serious violations in the development of the fetus.
For women older than 35, it makes sense to perform a chorion biopsy (genetic analysis of fetal cells) in order to exclude chromosomal abnormalities in the unborn child.
And further, when all pathologies are excluded, from about 20 weeks with an ultrasound it is necessary to regularly monitor the development of the fetus.
Healthy lifestyle for pregnant women
Avoid stress and overwork, protect yourself from colds and other incidental illnesses. In addition, eliminate alcohol and cigarettes from your life.
Observe the diet. Eat more fruits and vegetables, dairy products, because they contain calcium, which is simply necessary for the proper formation of the fetus and preserve the health of a woman. But the fish and meat (source of protein) should be consumed daily.
Limit the consumption of sweets, because overweight will adversely affect the course of pregnancy; carbonated drinks; strong tea and coffee, so as not to create an even greater load on the cardiovascular system.
Do not sit still, moderate load just you need. Go swimming. This sport will prepare the muscles of the back, pelvis and abdomen for the upcoming labor.Only not in open water, because the risk of catching an infection in places of general swimming is extremely high. There remains a pool, where, by the way, groups of pregnant women are formed to practice water aerobics.
Well, this is not the main thing. Intuition tells the future mother how to give birth to a healthy child. The main thing is to be in good spirits, follow the elementary rules, alternate activity with rest, live a healthy full life and then your child will be born healthy!