How to distinguish chickens from chickens? Day old chickens
All the little chickens look absolutelythe same. Distinguish chickens from cockerels in appearance is extremely problematic. However, several quite accurate special methods for determining the sex of chicks still exist. About which ones, and we'll talk further in the article.
The ancient method
So, how to distinguish the daily chicken from the cockerel fromchickens? This can be done, for example, in the same way that has long been used in Russian villages. This method is a little rough and not too accurate. But try to determine the sex of the chick in this way you can still. The chicken should just be taken by the legs and raised in the air. It is believed that the males at this hang quietly. Hooks also try to take the right position in space, pulling their heads forward.
You can try to use the method and softer. For this, the chicken is simply placed on the back of the palm in such a way that its head is left without support. The chicken, as in the first case, will raise it, and the cockerel will "drop" back. Of course, in this case, as in the previous one, it takes too long to torture the chick.
On the question of how to distinguish chickens from chickens frommales, there is one more answer. The chick must be carefully taken by the "shoulders" of the wings with both hands and slightly raised in the air. It is believed that the chickens at the same time begin to quickly move legs. The males are just quietly hanging.
All these methods are not too complicated, but, unfortunately, and not particularly reliable. The percentage of determining the sex of the chicks during their use is low.
How to distinguish chicken chickens from cockerels: a modern way
Abroad at poultry farms, where sortingnestlings are usually produced on the first day after hatching, a fairly simple, sparing and yet quite accurate method is used to determine the sex. It consists in the fact that the chicken is pulled back by the winglet and looks at the feathers. If two of their series, which are on different levels are clearly visible, it means that this is a chicken. If all feathers have the same length - a cockerel.
Determination of sex in large chicks
Now let's see how to check the chicken(a cockerel or a hen goes around your yard) if he has already grown up. Here everything is quite simple. Experienced farmers believe that in the first weeks of the chicken grow a little faster than the males. Over time, the situation is changing. The males catch up and drive the chickens. Some owners of homesteads determine the sex of the chicks also according to the growth rate of the tails. It is believed that the chickens, he begins to grow much faster - just a few days after hatching. Cocks only get them in a couple of weeks.
How to know the sex before hatching
It is believed that to determine who subsequentlywill come out of an egg - a chicken or a cockerel, and it is completely impossible. However, some farmers sometimes get an increase in the percentage of chicks out of the desired sex. In order to determine who will hatch in the incubator or under the chicken, you should carefully examine the egg. Many experts do not advise taking for breeding those in which the air chamber is located not at the center of the blunt end, but shifted. Meanwhile, some owners of household plots breeding laying hens, on the contrary, prefer to lay such eggs in the incubator. Of course, they take only those in which the camera is shifted slightly. It is believed that from such eggs, chickens are mainly hatched. As far as this is true, it is not known. Perhaps it's only in pure coincidence.
Also for determining the sex of the future chickenyou can see the sharp end of the egg. According to some farmers, if it has bumps or, better yet, surrounding the protruding calcareous ring, the likelihood of hatching is high.
Care for newborn chickens
So, you now know how to distinguishchickens chickens from males. Now let's figure out how to take care of the chicks properly. This is not technically difficult, but very responsible. This is especially true for newborn babies.
On the first day of chicks after drying in an incubatoron poultry farms and on large farms are placed in special nurseries. Owners of household plots usually plant hatched chicks in cardboard boxes. During this period of their lives, babies should be given maximum attention. Firstly, for them it is necessary to arrange round-the-clock lighting. Secondly, raise the air temperature to 30-32 degrees. To do this, you can put a plastic bottle in the box with heated water or sand, or use a regular incandescent bulb as a heater. On large farms, the required temperature in the manger is maintained by special equipment. Keep it at 30-32 degrees should be the entire first week. The same applies to day and night lighting.
Care for chickens of a diurnal age
Some farmers believe that feeding chicksfollows the first day after birth. Others advise to wait a day. The matter is that after an exit from an egg in an organism of chickens there is enough those nutrients which they received, being still inside. The stock is exhausted after 24 hours. After this time, it is necessary to feed and water the kids. As for broiler chickens, and for laying hens, it is best to use a special mixture of "Start" (the corresponding variety).
You can also feed the chicks with a regular boiled egg and millet. A couple of days usually begin to give the cottage cheese.
Drinkers for chicks should be used special. In ordinary small chickens can climb or just fall and get wet. This often causes the death of the chicks. The fact is that when the feathers get soaked, there is a strong hypothermia of the baby's body. This is especially true for broilers. When overseeing a wet chick need to as soon as possible to dry and place in the most warm place.
From the seventh day the air temperature in the box can be reduced to 28aboutFROM. Coverage of "dwelling" of children during this period should not be less than 17-18 hours a day. They are still fed with small-grained grain, cottage cheese and greens. It will be good to add carrots to the diet. In the five-ten-day-old chickens can already begin to accustom to the street. Of course, only if the weather permits. The chicks are taken out of the house right in the box and left for a short time in the yard.
From the age of ten days the chicks beginto give fish or slaughterhouse waste. In particular, they are considered useful for broilers. Cover the box with the chicks during this period should be approximately 14 hours a day. The most comfortable for chickens older than ten days the temperature is 20-24 degrees. Nesushek at this time you can leave the street for a whole day and bring home only at night. Later chickens are transferred to a specially designated shed for them.
From the twenty-day age, laying hensbegin to give mash-ups (for lunch) and cereal (in the morning and in the evening). Broiler chickens at this time should already get boiled mashed potatoes (in small quantities), fresh cottage cheese, buttermilk, etc. That is, the chickens are gradually transferred to an adult diet.
Features of broiler content
The main goal of farmers in this case isquick set of chickens weight. Therefore, most of the diet of birds should be cereal (at least 50%). Also it is necessary to limit movement of hens. On the paddock, they do not let out, unlike laying hens. The dimensions of the room in which the broiler chickens will be kept should be such that each individual has about 60 cm of space. Very often, these chicks are grown not by the floor method, but in cages. In this case, the air temperature in the shed should be 2-4 degrees above the recommended temperature.
Because of its special resistance to diseasesbroilers are often not different, a room intended for chickens must be disinfected before they are "settled". Of course, this procedure will not be hampered by the laying of layers. Care for chickens lies in the fact that the bird of both directions of productivity is obligatory given mineral fertilizing. This can be, for example, ash or ground egg shell. It is worthwhile to place a container with a small pebble in the shed. As a vitamin supplement, especially when broilers are diluted, fish oil is often used.
Well, we have figured out howto distinguish the chickens of chickens from bettas. Of course, it is quite difficult to determine the accuracy of the floor of the baby that emerges from the egg. But in any case, no matter how many chickens and bettas are hatched in the incubator, it is necessary to follow and take care of them as carefully as possible.