How is the hedgehog prepared for winter?
Ordinary European hedgehog (erinaceus europaeus)is a mammalian animal. Jerzy lives not only in our country, but also in Kazakhstan, China and in a greater territory of Europe. When winter comes, hedgehogs go into hibernation, but before that they are necessarily prepared to make the wintering camp comfortable.
Preparing hedgehogs for hibernation
In nature there are no accidents, everything is subject to the lawsthe strongest survive and prepared for survival in extreme conditions. It is interesting to watch how the hedgehog prepares for winter, when autumn comes and you need to think about the coming winter.
Jerzy begins to prepare for the winter in early autumn. Looking for a deep hole, at least one and a half meters deep, otherwise in a cold winter with strong frosts hedgehogs can simply freeze and not survive. Insulate it with dry leaves and moss, cork the hole and fall into a hibernation. The period of hibernation begins in hedgehogs with the onset of the first winter frosts in October. In summer active time, the heart rate of the hedgehog is 180 beats per minute, but when the hedgehog sleeps in the winter, the frequency of attacks drops to 20-50 strokes and only one breath per minute occurs. The body temperature drops to 2 degrees Celsius above zero.
The hedgehog is an omnivore. In the diet of his food include insects, caterpillars, slugs, earthworms. With pleasure, hedgehogs eat eggs of small birds, eat berries and fallen fruit. An indispensable condition for the survival of hedgehogs is the accumulation of the fat layer during the summer, due to which the animal lives in the winter. That's how the hedgehog prepares for the winter, thoroughly and seriously!
Awakening from hibernation
Wake up hedgehogs with the onset of spring, whennight air temperature is positive and there are no frosts. The hedgehog is losing half its weight during the winter's hibernation. With the awakening in the spring, hedgehogs quickly adapt to the ordinary way of life.