English language rules: briefly about the main
In recent years, learning English has becomeso popular that some are even surprised that someone does not know him. This is not surprising, since English can be considered the most "international", it is spoken in almost all countries of the world (of course, in addition to the native language). Those who wish for themselves further career prospects, strive to learn it in the first place, and only then can if they want to start learning other languages. Of course, this is not easy, because the rules of the English language, its grammar, are strikingly different from those that are inherent in the native language of man. And, apart from them, it is necessary to learn a lot of foreign words, so that you can speak so that you are understood. But, suppose that you have already started to study for a long time, and you need a list of the most common mistakes made when talking or writing text. We suggest taking note of the basic rules of the English language, in which mistakes are most often made.
- Verbs Present Simple (present vaguetime): they are used when it comes to any action (I do - I do) that happens at all. For example: I drive a bus - I drive a bus. That is, this action does not necessarily take place at this moment, it occurs at all, constantly. Remember that such verbs are used in a "pure" form only with respect to the pronouns I, we, you, they (I, we, you, they). With pronouns he, she, it (he, she, it), the ending -s- is added to the verbs, for example: Henry works in a bank - Henry works in a bank.
- English rules say that the auxiliary verb will (in this case is not translated), which serves to form the future tense, is not used with such words aswhile, when, after, before, as soon as, until, until.
- Verbs have to and must, despite the similarityvalues, yet differ in meaning. Thus, I have to do it means "I should / must do it", and I must to do it should be understood as "I have to do it".
- Studying further the rules of the English language,attention that verbs with the ending -ing- are used before at, in, of, with, for, instead of, about, in spite of (and in, in, out, with, to, and, approximately, despite) and after after , before (after, before). For example: are you interested in reading this book?
In addition, it is necessary to remember the correctnessconstruction of proposals. We are used to the fact that the Russian language is so great and powerful that it allows arbitrary permutation of words among themselves, and the meaning of the proposal does not change from this and will be understood. In English everything is not so: if you rearrange parts of speech as you like, then you will get nothing but a usual set of words that do not have a connection. It is for this reason that it is important to learn the rules of the English language, in which there are nine kinds of sentences, each of which is built according to its own laws. The classification of species is as follows:
1) narrative (subject - simple predicate - other parts of speech);
2) interrogative (based onthe expected answer: general questions that can be answered "yes, no"; Special, requiring only a full answer; questions of choice; Separating, consisting of a sentence and the question itself);
3) imperative (the only type of sentence that does not have a subject);
4) exclamation (in structure identical to narrative, but with great expression and intonation);
5) negative (have only one negation);
6) answers to questions (are built depending on the question asked);
7) impersonal sentences (nominal and verbal, for example: it is cold - or it's getting warm - it becomes warm);
8) indefinite-personal (one can do it easily - this can be done easily);
9) complex sentences (consist of several independent proposals).
Of course, all this is only a brief basis of Englishlanguage, because rules, in fact, much more. But nothing impossible, as you know, does not happen. Therefore, if the desire to learn English is very great, in addition to the rules, do not forget that in this language you need to communicate. The fact is that if you learn a language only on paper, you can hardly understand it in a colloquial speech, without having practice. If you do not communicate with anyone in English, the solution is simple: watch movies without translation and try to catch intonations, features of pronunciation of words and other nuances. So you will start to think faster, and, therefore, to speak English as freely as possible.