An analysis of the poem "The Village" by Alexander Pushkin
One of the central problems in the studythe work of Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin is his role in the Decembrist movement. This activity was reflected in the prose and poetry of the Russian classic. The analysis of the poem "Village" - one of the works created under the influence of oppositional views that reigned among the advanced and enlightened sections of the population of Russia at the beginning of the XIX century - gives an idea of the author's feelings and dreams.
The poet and the Decembrists
Pushkin was not a member of any secretsociety. To do this, he was too quick-tempered and unpredictable temper. However, it was for the creation of one of the poems, impregnated with romantic hopes for possible state reforms, that the poet was sent into exile.
Analysis of the poem "Village", which is by no meansis the reason for Pushkin's stay in Mikhailovsky, begins with optimistic notes. The author calls the village a shelter of works, tranquility and inspiration. These words have a deep meaning, because it was here that masterpieces were created that not only entered the history of Russian literature, but also had a significant impact on it. But still the analysis of the poem "Village" follows because it refers to those works in which the central theme was the idea of the transformation of Russian society. Such thoughts played an important role in the entire work of the poet.
History of creation
Before doing a brief analysis of the poem"Village", should say a few words about the history of his writing. The poem was created in 1819. This year refers to a period that was marked by the active participation of the poet in the socio-political life of Russia. Although the link was still far away.
The poet went to the family estate in 1924.The reason for the reference was freedom-loving works, as well as a letter, revealed by the Moscow police. But the mood, which ran counter to the established political order in the country, the poet was captured for many years. From time to time he still visited secret societies, where he made friends with such bright personalities as Ryleyev, Lukin, Chaadayev. Like members of similar organizations, Pushkin was dissatisfied with the social structure of the country, the social and political lack of freedom of many of its citizens, the despotism of the autocratic system.
It should be understood in general terms that the root of socialtroubles that could not leave indifferent many enlightened people of that time, before starting the analysis of the poem "Village". Pushkin was one of those who believed that the abolition of serfdom was a prerequisite for the transformation of the political system of Russia.
The structure of the poem
First of all, it is necessary to pay attention toan unusual composition, performing an analysis of the poem "Village". Pushkin divided it conditionally into two parts. The first resembles a romantic idyll. The second is a political declaration and includes a certain appeal to the powers that be.
Idyllic picture of rural life
The village is represented at the beginning of the poem by some ideal world. There is harmony and silence in it. And it is here that the lyrical hero finds spiritual freedom and gives himself up to creative work.
It is necessary to pay attention to artisticimages, making a brief analysis of the poem "Village". Pushkin used such expressions as "bright streams", "a dark garden with coolness and flowers", "fields are striped." In the first lines of the work there is a romantic mood, which creates a picture of peace and tranquility. And a completely different aspect of village life opens in the second part.
Disharmonious picture of village life
More pessimistic mood of the author can befeel, having read carefully the main and final parts of the work and having already done a general analysis of the poem "The Village". A. Pushkin in them denounces the ugliness of social relations. He reveals the arbitrariness of the landlords and the disenfranchised, unfair position in which the greater part of the population of Russia is. And here already there are images completely different: "wild barbarity", "skinny slavery".
The first and second parts of this poeticworks contrast sharply with each other. At the beginning of the poem the author creates a beautiful harmonious picture, but then returns the reader to a cruel reality. Through the reception of contrast, Pushkin was able to convey the main idea of his work, which consists in a critical view of the unjust and cruel nature of serfdom.
Making an analysis of the poem "Village", you also needpay attention to the expressively expressive language tools. Pushkin used them in great variety. The first part is permeated with tranquility. The intonation here is smooth and friendly. Carefully selecting epithets, the poet conveys in all colors the beauty of the rural landscape. The romantic atmosphere is created thanks to such expressions as "windmill mills", "silence of the fields".
In the second part, the intonation changes.Speech becomes more agitated. The poet chooses sharper epithets. The author filled the last lines with exclamations and rhetorical questions. They seem to confirm that the lyrical hero does not want to put up with the organization of the society of which he is a part.
The main idea of the poem
The poet wanted his poetic gift to be somehowto influence the minds of those in whose hands millions of ordinary people's lives were. He hoped that his works will play at least a small role in the restoration of justice. But at the same time Pushkin understood that it was practically impossible to change the world for the better, even if he possessed a great artistic talent. Therefore, in his poem, he asks whether he will be able to see how the "beautiful dawn" will rise, and as if he does not hope to receive an answer to this question.
While creating this work, the poet stilldoubts that there is a force capable of defeating the autocracy. But still there lives a weak faith in the fact that among the mighty of this world there will be sensible people and put an end to the suffering of those whose only guilt was that they were born without rights of slaves.